Following trinity (Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh) covered in last post we have rest of the pantheon or lower gods (so to say). The pantheon consists of Indra (god of rain and lightening) as its king/chief and other major gods serving under him would be Agni (god of fire), Varun (god of water), Vayu (god of wind), Surya (sun god), Chandra (moon god), Kaama or Kama (god of sensuality and desire) and more. These gods live in Swarga. Swarga being the heaven in Hinduism.
These "hindu gods" are not really "gods" per say though and here lies one sometimes confusing aspect of Hinduism. These "gods" are numbered in hundreds (if not hundreds of thousands) and they totally give the appearance of so many "Gods" in Hinduism. So what is the truth? Why are these "Hindu gods" not really "gods" even when they are divine and all?
Before answering these questions, give me a moment to explain the basic structure of the universe in some sects in Hinduism. According to Hinduism, humans are not the only intelligent life forms in the universe. Yeah it sounds a bit cliche' so to say but yeah thats how it is! Besides humans there are devas (gods), asuras (demons), nagas (underworld beings comparable to snakes/reptiles), pishach (not so benignant ghosts) etc etc and they are somewhere in the hierarchy being the trinity at the top , demons at the bottom and humans in the middle. They are basically just different life forms that a soul might or might not end up at depending on its Karma. A post on Karma later but Karma basically means deeds, so a soul with good deeds will end up higher in the hierarchy, somewhere being in hierarchy of life forms representing some result of the deeds it performed as a human.
Now with that background, we understand that these so called "hindu gods" are also just lifeforms. They are just a higher level of lifeforms close to divinity and since they live in swarga / heavens / paradise, they have access to all the good stuff in life including but not limited to rivers full of milk & honey, chocolates of their choice hanging on the trees and all the beautiful women they can handle! Ok, not the chocolates and probably not the beautiful women part but you get the idea!
Everyone living in heavens is also technically a divine being and can be thought of as a god or a lower god. Since even swarga / heaven has some little hierarchy of its own and the top guy there gets to be called Indra and be lord / king of all other guys take the jobs of Indra, Agni, Vayu, Surya, Chandra, Kama and so on. They also have some limited divine powers and frequently wage wars with demons and all. So this is where the idea of "hindu gods" comes in and as you see its more of a sort of an extradimensional model of the universe.
As you must've understood so far, these "gods" are just divine beings doing their time in heavens. Once they have used up their good Karma, they go back to being humans or some other life forms as per their balance of karma / deeds. Now one huge point to consider here is that human beings are not expected to worship these gods as they are more like just some high tech aliens like beings and nothing more. In fact, these gods are supposed to worship the one true God who is the creator of it all. The fact that humans shouldn't worship these gods is demonstrated in one of the key stories in Hindu mythology where Lord Krishna picks up a mountain on his index fingers to prove a point - defiance against Indra who is trying to psyche some villagers into submission. Lord Krishna basically tells the villagers to stop worrying about and fearing Indra because He is their true savior and Indra can't do anything as long as villagers understand the difference between a lower god and the one true God. This story comes from Mahabharata and is a key incident in hindu mythology signifying the end of all the little polytheism that had still remained.
Anyhow, there is still a lot more to say about it all and I've barely skimmed through hindu gods, the overall pantheon and how it relates to humans.
To learn more about Shiva and duality, click - Shiva Shankar Nataraj and Duality
To learn about Shiva's Rudravtar Hanuman, click - Hanuman Bajrang Bali Rudravtar
To find how Shiva consumed eternal poison and how christianity originated from Hinduism, click - Did Christianity originate from the story of Shiva and Halahal?